The prophet Jeremiah, often called the "weeping prophet", lived during the politically tumultuous times following the fall of the Assyrians and the rise of the Babylonians. Jeremiah witnessed multiple deportations of Judeans to Babylon and the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple. Jeremiah had a difficult life. His messages of repentance delivered at the temple were not well received. His hometown plotted against him, and he endured much persecution in the pursuit of his ministry. ESV Study Bible Introduction to Jeremiah.